Health Tips
Heart Failure


Heart Failure

Normal Heart 

Myocardial thickening

/ Enlargement 


1. Causes:


Ischaemic Heart Disease

Valvular Heart Disease

Congenital Heart Disease


Other Myocardial Disease


 2. Symptoms


Fail to pump out enough blood to supply the need of the body

Shortness of breath

Unable to lie down



Acute pulmonary edema

Fluid retention and abdominal distention


3. Management:

Control the intake of salt and water

Avoid overwork to reduce the workload of the heart

Control and treat any reversible causes of heart failure


Heart transplantation for end-stage patients